The SPVS (Society for Wildlife Research and Environmental Education) intends to restore 886.3 hectares of Atlantic forest, corresponding to almost 900 football fields, in the municipalities of Antonina and Guaraquesaba in Paraná. The project, titled “Atlantic Forest, From Slopes to Flooded Areas: Ecological Restoration in the Lagamar Mosaic OBOR”, began in the first half of 2022 and will last until December 2023, planting with a variety of species typical of mature forests in the region, with particular attention to sites biome whose biodiversity can still be enriched.
Of the total, the project will restore 720.8 hectares in the RPPN (Private Natural Heritage Reserves) areas located within the Lagamar mosaic, which is one of the 14 existing federal mosaics in Brazil, and 165.5 hectares in the surrounding regions. In addition, one hectare (10,000 square meters) will be converted to agroforestry, which is a production system that combines food production with the restoration of degraded areas.
Three methods will be used for restoration: enrichment of sites at the beginning of the restoration process with the planting of seedlings from mature forests; origin in areas occupied by brachiaria creeping exotic species (types of urochloa which competes with native species and suffocates them), which consists in the formation of vegetation nuclei by species that can improve the environment, facilitating the colonization of other species; and, finally, the rate for the fight against brachiaria in flooded areas.
At the moment, the project is expected to contribute to increasing the biodiversity of forests in the reserves and the creation of ecosystem services for the Lagamar Mosaic region. Reginaldo Ferreira, the project’s general coordinator, explains: “The main goal of the proposal is to restore native vegetation, promote carbon sequestration from the atmosphere, promote climate change mitigation and adaptation, and improve the environment.”
The project is financed with financial support from KfW Entwicklungsbank (German Development Bank) through the Brazilian Biodiversity Foundation (FUNBIO) under the project “Biodiversity and Climate Change in Atlantic Forests”.